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:: Volume 9, Issue 18 (10-2021) ::
PEC 2021, 9(18): 389-409 Back to browse issues page
Phenological study and response patterns of Salsola kerneri along the gradient of environmental factors in steppe regions of Yazd province
Sedigheh Zarekia, Hamidreza Mirdavoodi2 *, Ali Mirhoseini, Alibeman Mirjalili, Mohammad Taghi Zare
Markazi Agriculture and Natural Resources Research and Education Center , hmirdavoodi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (854 Views)
Non-living environmental factors have a major impact on the distribution and yield of plant species. To this end, the relationship between soil and topographic variables on the response of Salsola kerneri (Wol.) Botsch plant species in Yazd province is evaluated. Generalized Additive Models (GAM) were used to investigate the specieschr('39') response to environmental factors. The results showed that S. kerneri grows in areas with cold arid climate with an average rainfall of about 100 to 120 mm and an average temperature of about 14 to 16 ° C. According to the studied habitats, S. kerneri is distributed at an altitude of 1750 to 2350 meters a.s.l. This species grows in clay-sandy loam soils with salinity between 0.7 to 4.5 and acidity of 8.2 and nitrogen content of 0.04. The average canopy cover of this species in Sadrabad and Khoranagh habitats is 1.8 and 1.3 percent, respectively. Response pattern of S. kerneri along the saturation moisture and litter percentage of soil surface, followed the monotonic increase model, and with the increase of these values, its frequency and percentage of vegetation increased. Conversely, the response of this species along the slope of the amount of electrical conductivity (EC) follows the monotonic decrease model, and with the increase of this factor, the presence and percentage of vegetation has decreased. response pattern S. kerneri followed the Unimodal model along the slope of sand, clay, limestone and altitude, and its optimal growth rate for these factors was 59, 23, 12 and 2200 meters above sea level, respectively. The results of S. kerneri phenology studies showed that the growth of this plant begins in the second half of March. Flowering usually begins in early July and seeds are formed in the third decade of September. Seed shedding begins in mid-November and continues until the first week of December, when the seed stage arrives. The best time to collect seeds is late October. Examining the ecological needs of S. kerneri in relation to topographic and soil factors, provided valuable information about this species that can be considered in vegetation management and rangeland improvement operations in similar areas.
Keywords: S. kerneri, Generalized Collective Model, Ecological Factors, Species Response Curve, Phenology
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/07/21 | Accepted: 2020/11/15 | Published: 2021/09/28
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Zarekia S, Mirdavoodi2 H, Mirhoseini A, Mirjalili A, Zare M T. Phenological study and response patterns of Salsola kerneri along the gradient of environmental factors in steppe regions of Yazd province. PEC. 2021; 9 (18) :389-409
URL: http://pec.gonbad.ac.ir/article-1-710-en.html

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Volume 9, Issue 18 (10-2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله حفاظت زیست بوم گیاهان Journal of Plant Ecosystem Conservation
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