[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Home::
Journal Information::
Articles archive::
For Authors::
For Reviewers::
Registration::
Contact us::
Site Facilities::
::
Search in website

Advanced Search
..
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
..
:: Volume 8, Issue 16 (8-2020) ::
PEC 2020, 8(16): 155-172 Back to browse issues page
A Relationship between Dead Trees with Soil Physico-chemical Properties and Earthworm in Mixed Broad-leaved Forest Stand (Case study: Sarcheshmeh Forest, Chaloos)
Saeid Shabani * , Ali Sattarian2
Golestan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Gorgan - Shahid Beheshti Street - In Front of Sazesh , saeidshabani07@gmail.com
2- Gonbad-e Kavous - Basirat Blv.
Abstract:   (2309 Views)
Dead trees protection plays a key role in structural and biogeochemical processes in forest ecosystems. Some aspects of dead tree dynamics have been carefully studied. However, the kind and decay degree of dead trees and forest soil properties have not received enough attention. The aim of this research was to study the effect of a kind and decay degree of dead trees on soil mineral properties in the Sarcheshmeh Forest, Chaloos. In so doing, the dead trees were investigated by strip transects with 10 m width and 80 m distance between transects. 71 dead trees were identified. In addition to determining kind of species, dead trees were categorized into four decay classes consisting of a new dead tree, decay beginning, advanced decay, and perfect decay. The Soil sampling for estimating total nitrogen (%), available phosphorus (ppm), K (%), pH, soil moisture (%), carbon (%), C/N, and biomass of earthworm (g) was carried out in the closest position to the dead tree in 0–30 cm depth. Principle Component Analysis (PCA) method and analysis of variances were used to compare the relationship between dead trees and soil properties. The results showed that there was a strong relationship between carbon and C/N values with oak dead trees. Soil nutrients, pH and soil moisture (%) have displayed a significant relationship at the 5 percent probability level with alder and hornbeam dead trees. The fourth decay class had thehighest values of N (0.76%), P (15.53 ppm), and earthworm biomass (26.61 g), whereas there is no significant difference between first and secondary decay classes. The K (%), pH, and soil moisture (%) values increased from first to fourth decay classes. Based on the findings of the current study on the key role of dead trees in forest soil richness, the dead trees should be protected during forestry operations in each forest ecosystem to sustain soil productivity.
Keywords: Soil Productivity, Principle Component Analysis (PCA), Strip Transect, Decay Class
Full-Text [PDF 378 kb]   (514 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/11/30 | Accepted: 2020/03/17 | Published: 2020/09/21
References
1. Aakala, T., Kuuluvainen, T., Gauthier, S., De Grandpre, L. 2008. Standing dead trees and their decay–class dynamics in the northeastern boreal old–growth forests of Quebec, Forest Ecology and Management, 255: 410–420.
2. Albanesi, E., Gugliotta, O.I., Mercurio, I., Mercurio, R. 2005. Effects of gap size and within–gap position on seedlings establishment in silver fir stands, Society of Silviculture and Forest Ecology, 2(4): 358–366.
3. Angers, V. A., Messier, C., Beaudet, M., Ledu, A. 2005. Comparing composition and structure in old–growth and harvested (selection and diameter–limit cuts) northern hardwood stands in Quebec, Forest Ecology and Management, 217: 275–293.
4. Attiwill, P.M. 1994. The disturbance of forest ecosystems. The ecological basis for conservative forest management, Forest Ecology and Management, 63: 247–300.
5. Baber, K., Otto, P., Kahl, T., Gossner, M.M., Wirth, C., Gminder, A., Bässler, C. 2016. Disentangling the effects of forest–stand type and dead–wood origin of the early successional stage on the diversity of wood–inhabiting fungi, Forest Ecology and Management, 377: 161–169.
6. Bagne, K.E., Purcell, K.L., Rotenberry, J.T. 2008. Prescribed fire, snag population dynamics, and avian nest site selection, Forest Ecology and Management, 255: 99–105.
7. Boddy, L. 2000. Interspecific combative interactions between wood–decaying basidiomycetes, FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 31: 185–194.
8. Brunner, A., Kimmins J.P. 2003. Nitrogen fixation in coarse woody debris of Thuja plicata and Tsuga heterophylla forests on northern Vancouver Island, Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 33: 1670–1682.
9. Cousins, S.J.M., Battles, J.J., Sanders, J.E., York, R.A. 2015. Decay patterns and carbon density of standing dead trees in California mixed conifer forests, Forest Ecology and Management, 353: 136–147.
10. Djongmo, AW., Noumi, V.N., Zapfack, L., Madou, C., 2020. Carbon Stocks in Dead Wood Biomass of Savannah Ecosystems in Northern Region Cameroon, Journal of Botany Research, 2 (1): 60–70.
11. Feng, C., Wang, Z., Zhu, Q., Fu, S., Chen, H.Y., 2018. Rapid increases in fine root biomass and production following cessation of anthropogenic disturbances in degraded forests. Land Degradation & Development, 29: 461–470.
12. Fortier, J., Truax, B., Gagnon, D., Lambert, F., 2019. Abiotic and biotic factors controlling fine root biomass, carbon and nutrients in closed-canopy hybrid poplar stands on post-agricultural land, Scientific Reports, 9: 6296.
13. Harmon, M.E., Franklin, J.F., Swanson, F.J., Sollins, P., Gregory, S.V., Lattin, J.D., Anderson, N.H., Cline, S.P., Aumen, N.G., Sedell, J.R., Lienkaemper, G.W., Cromack, K., Cummins, K.W. 1986.Ecology of coarse woody debris in temperate ecosystems, Advances in Ecological Research, 15: 133–302.
14. Johnston, J. M., Crossley, D. A. 1994. The Significance of Coarse Woody Debris for the Diversity of Soil Mites. General Technical Report SE–94, Athens, 18–20 October, 82–87.
15. Jonsson, B.G., Ekström, M., Esseen, P.A., Grafström, A., Stahl, G., Westerlund, B. 2016. Dead wood availability in managed Swedish forests – Policy outcomes and implications for biodiversity, Forest Ecology and Management, 376: 174–182.
16. Kahl, T., Baber, K., Otto, P., Bauhus, J., Wirth, C., 2015. Drivers of CO2 emission rates from dead wood logs of 13 tree species in the initial decomposition phase, Forests 6 (7): 2484-2504.
17. Kim, S., Li, G., Han, S.H., Chang,H., Kim, H-J., Son, Y., 2017. Differential Effects of Coarse Woody Debris on Microbial and Soil Properties in Pinus densiflora Sieb. et Zucc. Forests, Forests, 8 (8): 292.
18. Knapp, E.E. 2015. Long–term dead wood changes in a Sierra Nevada mixed conifer forest: Habitat and fire hazard implications, Forest Ecology and Management, 339: 87–95.
19. Köster, K., Metslaid, M., Engelhart, J., Köster, E. 2015. Dead wood basic density, and the concentration of carbon and nitrogen for main tree species in managed hemiboreal forests, Forest Ecology and Management, 354: 35–42.
20. Lakyda, P., Shvidenko, A., Bilous, A., Myroniuk, V., Matsala, M., Zibtsev, S., Schepaschenko, D., Holiaka, D., Vasylyshyn, R., Lakyda, I., Diachuk, P., Kraxner, F., 2019. Impact of Disturbances on the Carbon Cycle of Forest Ecosystems in Ukrainian Polissya, Forests, 10 (4): 337, 24 pp.
21. Mboukou – Kimbasta, I., Bernhard – Reversat, F., Loumeto, J., Ngao, J., Lavelle, P. 2007. Understory vegetation, soil structure and soil invertebrates in Congolese eucalypt plantations, with special reference to the invasive plant Chromolaena odorata and earthworm populations, European Journal of Soil Biology, 43: 48–56.
22. Meller, S., Frossard, E., Luster, J., 2019. Phosphorus Allocation to Leaves of Beech Saplings Reacts to Soil Phosphorus Availability, Frontiers in Plant Science, 10: 744.
23. Montagnoli, A., Dumroese, R.K., Terzaghi, M., Onelli, E., Scippa, G.S., Chiatante, D., 2019. Seasonality of fine root dynamics and activity of root and shoot vascular cambium in a Quercus ilex L. forest (Italy). Forest Ecology and Management, 2019, 431: 26–34.
24. Motta, R. 2006. Coarse woody debris, forest structure and regeneration in the valbona forest reserve management, Forest Ecology and Management, 7: 124–132.
25. Muscolo, A., Sidari, M., Mercurio, R. 2007. Influence of gap size on organic matter decomposition, microbial biomass and nutrient cycle in Calabrian pine (Pinus laricio, Poiret) stands, Forest Ecology and Management, 242: 412–418.
26. Nappi, A., Drapeau, P., Leduc, A. 2015. How important is dead wood for woodpeckers foraging in eastern North American boreal forests?, Forest Ecology and Management, 346: 10–21.
27. Neina, D., 2019. The role of soil pH in plant nutrition and soil remediation, Applied and Environmental Soil Science, 5794869, 1–9.
28. Piaszczyk, W., Lasota, J., Błońska, E., 2020. Effect of Organic Matter Released from Deadwood at Different Decomposition Stages on Physical Properties of Forest Soil, Forests, 11 (1): 24.
29. Salehi, A., Zahedi Amiri, G.H., Burslem D., Swaine, M.D. 2007. Relationships between Tree Species Composition, Soil Properties and Topographic Factors in a Temperate Deciduous Forest in Northern Iran, Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 6 (3): 455–462.
30. Schleppi, P., Körner, C., Klein, T., 2019. Increased Nitrogen availability in the soil under mature picea abies trees exposed to elevated co2 concentrations, Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 2: 59.
31. Sefidi K, Esfandiary Darabad F, Azarian M. 2016. Effect of topography on tree species composition and volume of coarse woody debris in an Oriental beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) old growth forests, northern Iran, iForest 9: 658–665.
32. Sefidi, K., Etemad, V. 2015. Dead wood characteristics influencing macrofungi species abundance and diversity in Caspian natural beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) forests, Forest Systems, 24 (2): 1–9.
33. Sefidi, K., Marvie Mohadjer, M.R., Mosandl, R., Copenheaver, C.A. 2013. Coarse and Fine Woody Debris in Mature Oriental Beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) Forests of Northern Iran, Natural Areas Journal, 33 (3): 248–255.
34. Spears J.D.H., Lajtha, K. 2004. The imprint of coarse woody debris on soil chemistry in the western Oregon Cascades, Biogeochemistry, 71: 163–175.
35. Takahashi, M., Sakai, Y., Ootomo, R., Shiozaki, M., 2000. Establishment of tree seedlings and water–soluble nutrients in coarse woody debris in an old–growth Picea–abies forest in Hokkaido, northern Japan, Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 30: 1148–1155.
36. Van Der Meer P.J,. Dignan P., Savenh A.G. 1999. Effect of gap size on seedling establishment, growth and survival at three years in mountain ash (Eucalyptus regnans) forest in Victoria. Australia, Forest Ecology and Management, 117: 33–42.
37. Wang, C., Chen, Z., Brunner, I., Zhang, Z., Zhu, X., Li, J., Yin, H., Guo,W., Zhao, T.-H., Zheng, X., Wang, S., Geng, Z., Shen, S., Jin, D., Li, M‐H. 2018. Global patterns of dead fine root stocks in forest ecosystems, Journal of Biogeography, 45: 1378–1394.
38. Zhou, G., Xu, S., Ciais, P., Manzoni, S., Fang, J., Yu, G., Tang, X., Zhou, P., Wang, W., Yan, J., Wang, G., Ma, K., Li, S., Du, S., Han, S., Ma, Y., Zhang, D., Liu, J., Liu, S., Chu, G., Zhang, Q., Li, Y., Huang, W., Ren, H., Lu, X., Chen, X., 2019. Climate and litter C/N ratio constrain soil organic carbon accumulation, National Science Review, 6 (4), 746–757.
39. Zhou, L., Dai, L., Gu, H., Zhong, L., 2007. Review on the decomposition and influence factors of coarse woody debris in forest ecosystem, Journal of Forest Research, 18: 48–54.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

shabani S, sattarian A. A Relationship between Dead Trees with Soil Physico-chemical Properties and Earthworm in Mixed Broad-leaved Forest Stand (Case study: Sarcheshmeh Forest, Chaloos). PEC 2020; 8 (16) :155-172
URL: http://pec.gonbad.ac.ir/article-1-633-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 8, Issue 16 (8-2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله حفاظت زیست بوم گیاهان Journal of Plant Ecosystem Conservation
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 37 queries by YEKTAWEB 4652