[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Home::
Journal Information::
Articles archive::
For Authors::
For Reviewers::
Registration::
Contact us::
Site Facilities::
::
Search in website

Advanced Search
..
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
..
:: Volume 8, Issue 16 (8-2020) ::
PEC 2020, 8(16): 15-36 Back to browse issues page
Rangeland zoning for sheep and goats common grazing in the Darmian Basin (South Khorasan Province)
Vahideh Abdollahi1 , Hossain Arzani * , Mohammad Ali Zare Chahoki3 , Hamid Movahed Mohammadi4 , Gholamreza Haderbadi5
1- Faculty of Natural Resources, Tehran University
Tehran University, Iran, Faculty of Natural Resources, Campus of Agriculture and Natural Resources , harzani@ut.ac.ir
3- Faculty of Natural Resources, Campus of Agriculture and Natural Resources
4- Faculty of Economics and Agricultural Development, Campus of Agriculture and Natural Resources
5- South Khorasan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center
Abstract:   (3361 Views)
Considering the poor condition of most rangelands of Iran, evaluation of rangeland potential and determination of suitability for continuous and optimal utilization seems necessary. The purpose of this study was to investigate the rangeland suitability for sheep and goat grazing using FAO and GIS methods. Therefore, three criteria including vegetation cover, water, and soil were studied. The vegetation cover characteristics were measured using four transects of 200 meters and 2 m2 plots. The location and volume of water resources were recorded and the water quality (EC and TDS) was measured. The soil erosion was studied using the MPSIAC method. The final suitability model for common grazing was prepared by integrating different layers of criteria. Based on the results of the final suitability model, 7810.11 ha (61.5%) of the study rangelands were of a low suitability (S3) and 4899.16 ha (38.5%) had no suitability (N). The low forage production as well as soil erosion was recognized as the most important factors limiting the rangeland suitability of the study area; however, abundant water resources with an acceptable quantity and quality were the positive points of the area for grazing. Regarding the low suitability classes in the study area, livestock management plans should be fully and carefully performed to increase the development of palatable species. Overall, to compensate the beneficiaries’ income it is recommended that other rangeland capacities such as exploitation of by-products, tourism, and beekeeping be considered as supplementary livelihoods.
 
Keywords: Rangeland suitability, Common grazing, FAO, GIS, South Khorasan
Full-Text [PDF 425 kb]   (553 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/08/15 | Accepted: 2020/03/7 | Published: 2020/09/21
References
1. Alishah, F., Arzani, H., Javadi, S.A., Farahpour, M. 2017. A GIS Bsaed Grassland Grazing Model: A Case Study of Savadkooh Watershed, Mazandaran, International Journal of Ecology & Development, 32 (4): 39-46.
2. Amiri, F. 2009. A Model for Classification of Range Suitability for Sheep Grazing in Semi-Arid Regions of Iran. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 21 (5): 68-50.
3. Ariapour, A., Hadidi, M., Karami, K.,Amiri, F. 2013. Water Resources Suitability Model by Using GIS (case Study: Boroujerd Rangeland, Sarab Sefid), Journal of Rangeland Science, 3 (2): 177-188.
4. Arzani, H., Yousefi, S. 2006. A GIS Model of Range Suitability Assessment for Sheep Grazing .8th International Conference on: Information Systems in Sustainable Agriculture, Agro-Environment and Food Technology (HAICTA), Thessaly, 20-23 Sept, 911-918.
5. Arzani, H., Yousefi, Sh., Jafari, M., Farahpour, M. 2006. Production Range Suitability Map for Sheep Grazing Using GIS, International Conference of Map Middle East, 26-29 March, Dubai, UAE, http://www.mapmiddleeast.org/2006/mme2006report.htm. ISBN: 978-3-540-74166-4 (Print) 978-3-540-74167-1 (Online), 25p.
6. Baker, F., Katherine Jones, E.D. 1985. Proceeding of a Conference on Multi-species Grazing, Winrock International, 25-28, June, 235-239.
7. Coffey, L. 2001. Benefits of Multi-Species Grazing: htpp://www.Attra.ncat.Org.
8. Cook, C.W. 1954. Common Use of Summer Range by Sheep and Cattle, Journal of Range Management, 7: 10-13.
9. Eccard, J.A., Walther, A.R.B.,Milton, S.J. 2000. How Livestock Grazing Affects Vegetation Structures and Small Mammal Distribution in the Semiarid Karoo, Journal of Arid Ennvironment, 46: 103-106
10. F.A.O., 1991. Guidelines: Land Evaluation for Extensive Grazing, Soil Research Management and Conservation Service, Soil Bulletin, No 58.
11. Heady, H.F. 1975. Rangeland Management, Mc Graw-Hill Book Company, San Francisco, U.S.A.
12. Holechek, J.L., Pieper, R.D., Herbel, C.H. 2001. Range Management, Principles and Practices, 4 th ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 607p.
13. Khan, G., khan, B., Qamer, F.M., Abbas, S., Khan, A., Xi, C. 2016. Himalayan Ibex (Capra Ibex Sibirica) Habitat Suitability and Range Resource Dynamics in the Central Karakorum National Park, Pakistan, Journal of King Saud University-Science, 28 (3): 245-254.
14. Kiet, S. 2000. Expected Use GIS Map, Rangeland, 22 (2): 18-20.
15. Li, C., Hao, X., Zhao, M., Han, G., Willms, W.D. 2008. Influence of Historic Sheep Grazing on Vegetation and Soil Properties of a Desert Steppe in Inner Mongolia, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 128: 109-116.
16. MAFF, 1984. Energy Allowances and Feeding Systems for Ruminants, ADAS Reference Book 433, HMSO, London, 85 pp.
17. McGinty, E.L., Baldwin, B., Banner, R. 2009. A Review of Livestock Grazing and Rnage Management in Utah. Setting the Stage for a Livestock Grazing Policy in Utah, USA, 45p.
18. MFitumukiza, D.M. 2004. Evaluating Rangeland Potentials for Cattle Grazing in a Mixed Farming System, Ph.D Thesis, International Institute for Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation, Enschede, Netherlands.
19. Mwendra, E.J., Mohamed Saleem, M.A., Woldu, Z. 1997. Vegetation Response to Cattle Grazing in Ethiopian Highland, Journal of Agricultural Ecosystems and Environment, 64: 43-51.
20. Pluhar, J.J., Knight, R.W., Heitschmidt, R.K. 1987. Infiltration Rates and Sediment Production as Influenced by Grazing Systems in Texas, Journal of Range Management, 40: 240-243.
21. Rostami, E., Mehrabe, H., Farahpour, M. 2014. Determining Rangeland Suitability for Sheep Grazing Using GIS (Case Study: Sadegh Abad Watershed, Kermanshah Province, Iran), Journal of Rangeland Science, 4 (4): 319- 329.
22. Smith, A.D. 1965. Determining Common Use Grazing Capacities by Application of the Key Species Concept, Journal of Range Management, 18: 196-201.
23. Walker, B.H., Janssen, M.A. 2002. Rangelands, Pastoralists, and Governments Interlinked Systems of People and Nature, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, B 357, 719-725.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Abdollahi V, Arzani H, Zare Chahoki M A, Movahed Mohammadi H, Haderbadi G. Rangeland zoning for sheep and goats common grazing in the Darmian Basin (South Khorasan Province). PEC 2020; 8 (16) :15-36
URL: http://pec.gonbad.ac.ir/article-1-606-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 8, Issue 16 (8-2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله حفاظت زیست بوم گیاهان Journal of Plant Ecosystem Conservation
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 37 queries by YEKTAWEB 4639