[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Journal Information::
Articles archive::
For Authors::
For Reviewers::
Contact us::
Site Facilities::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
:: Volume 8, Issue 16 (8-2020) ::
PEC 2020, 8(16): 173-199 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Albizia lebbek (L.) Benth forestry on plant species diversity and physicochemical characteristics of soil in the warm and dry desert climate
Neda Hamidi1 , Sina Attarroshan *
1- -
-, - , sina_2934@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2665 Views)
In order to investigate the diversity of plant species in forested areas, this study was carried out in Albizia lebbek (L.) Benth forestry near the Khuzestan Steel Industries Company with a total area of 60 hectares in the southeast of Ahwaz, Khuzestan province. In so doing, 30 plot of 20 × 20 meters in size were systematically randomized in the forested area and 30 samples were taken in the control area. Within each sample plot, vegetation cover (tree species, shrubs and herbaceous), physical and chemical characteristics of soil was studied. The grass cover was taken in 8 × 8 m (64 square meters) sample plot, which were taken at the center of the sample plot of 400 square meters. Whitaker plot method was used to study the herbaceous species. In this region, 53 plant species were identified. CCA Analysis showed that the control area and the forested area  form a separate ecological group in the region. In terms of plant species composition, highest value of Simpson (0.73±0.043), Shannon-Wiener (1.73±0.022) diversity index, Shannon-Wiener evennes index (0.56±0/003) and species richness (24.06±0.63) were estimated in the control area. Adaphical conditions showed that afforestation had no effect on soil texture and soil acidity. Rather, the chemical properties of soil in the control area showed better conditions. The results of this research suggest that forestry without observance of technical and scientific criteria can reduce the density and diversity of herbaceous vegetation in the area, which can have destructive effects on the habitat in its turn.
Keywords: Canonical correspondence analysis, Albizia lebbek tree, Afforest, Diversity index
Full-Text [PDF 793 kb]   (588 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/06/18 | Accepted: 2019/11/18 | Published: 2020/09/21
1. Archambult, L., 1996. Landscape ecosystem of disturbed oak forest of southeastern Michigan. USA Lauretian Forestry Centre, Forestry Canada, 20: Pages 1570-1582.
2. Bajtala, M.J., 1999. Spatial patterns of duff consumption in Black spruce and Jack pine stands in the Boreal mixed wood forest. For the degree of Master of Science. National library of Canada.
3. Barnes, B.V., Zak, D.R., Spurr, S.H., 1998. Forest Ecology. John Wiley and Sons Inc, New York.
4. Camping, T.J., Dahlgren, R.A., Tate, K.W., Horwath, W.R., 2002. Changes in soil quality due to grazing and oak tree removal in California blue oak woodlands. Stand ford RB, McCreary D, Purcell KL. (Eds.).Oaks in California’s Changing Landscape. Berkeley,CA:USDA, Gen. Tech. PSW-184.pp 75-85.
5. Christine, J.S., and McCarthy, B.C., 2005. Relationship of understory diversity to soil nitrogen, topographic variation, and stand age in an eastern Oak forest, USA. Forest ecology and management, 230-243.
6. Dahlgren, R. A., Singer, M. J. and Huang, X. 1997. Oak tree and grazing impacts on soil properties and nutrients in California oak woodland. Biogeochemistry, 39: 45-64.
7. Dahlgren, R.A., Horwath, W., Tate, K., Camping, T., 2003. Oak enhance soil quality in California oak woodlands. California Agriculture, 57(2) 42-47.
8. Dahlgren, R. and Singer, M.J., 1991. Nutrient cycling in managed and unmanaged oak woodland grass ecosystems. Symposium on Oak Woodlands and Hardwood Rangeland Management. Gen. Tech. Rpt. PSW-126. USDA Forest Service Pacific Southwest Research Station, Albany, CA.
9. Davis, P.H., (1965–1988). Flora of Turkey, Vols. 1 -10. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh
10. Dormar, J.F., S. Smoliak, and W.D. Willms., 1984. Vegetation and soil responses to short duration grazing on Fescue grass lands. J. Range Manage. 42: 143-149.
11. Eshaghi Rad, J., P. Ghaffarnejad and A. Banedg Shafiee. 2014. Quantitative evaluation of Pinus nigra plantation and its effect on plant diversity and soil chemical properties of rangeland ecosystems (Case study: Urmia airport plantation). Iranian Journal of Forest, 6(4): 471- 482 (In Persian).
12. Fu, B.J., Liu, S.L., Ma, K.M. and Zhu, Y.G., 2004. Relationships between soil characteristics, topography and plant diversity in a heterogeneous deciduous broad-leaved forest near Beijing, China. Plant and Soil, 261: 47-54.
13. Gheibi, F., M. Akbarinia and Y. Kooch. 2015. Effect of Alnus subcordata, Acer insigne and Sequoia sempervirens plantations on plant diversity in Hyrcanian forest of Iran. Biodiversitas, 16(1 ): 10 -15 .
14. Goodman, D., 1975. The theory of diversity-stability relations in ecology. Quarterly Review of Biology 242: 591-597.
15. Haghverdi, K. 2015. Influence of endemic and exotic afforestation (Chai Bagh district of Qaemshahr) on biodiversity of plant species and woody regeneration. Journal of Plant Researches, 28(3): 522- 534 (In Persian).
16. Heydari, M., and Mahdavi, A., 2009. Patterns of plant species diversity related to physiographic factors in Melah Gavan protected area, Iran. Asian Journal of Biological Sciences, 2(1):21-28.
17. Heydari, M., N. Shabanian, M. Zeinivand Zadeh and J. Mirzaei. 2015. Analysis of understory plant composition in hardwoods and conifers plantations and their relation to soil characteristics. Forest Research and Development, 1(2 ):155 -166 (In Persian).
18. Irwin, S., S.M. Pedley, L. Coote, A.C. Dietzsch, M.W. Wilson, A. Oxbrough, O. Sweeney, K.M. Moore, R. Martin, D.L. Kelly, F.J.G. Mitchell, T.C. Kelly and J. O’Halloran. 2014 . The value of plantation forests for plant, invertebrate and bird diversity and the potential for cross-taxon surrogacy. Biodiversity and Conservation, 23 (3):697 -714 .
19. Kent, M., P., Coker, 1992. Vegetation description and analysis. Translated: M. Mesdaghi, Jehad Daneshgahi Mashhad Pub., 287 p.
20. Li, Y., D. Zou, B. Ren, X. Ding, H. Bian and J. Wang. 2016 . Balancing effect of Larch plantations (Larix kaempferi) on understory plant diversity in a sub-tropical forest ecosystem, China. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 14(3 ):397- 407 .
21. López-Mariño, A., Calabuig, E., Fillat, F. and Bermúdez, F.F., 2000. Floristic composition of established vegetation and the soil seed bank in pasture communities under different traditional management regimes. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 78:273–282.
22. Maranon, T., Ajbilou, R., Ojeda, F. and Arroya, J., 1999. Biodiversity of woody species in oak woodland of southern Spain and northern Morocco. Forest Ecology and Management, 115: 147-156.
23. Mohammadnejad kiasari, Sh., Kh. Sagheb Talebi and SH. Amini. 2017. Ecological assessment of conifers and broad-leaved plantationsin Neka, Eastern of Mazandaran (Case Study: Ghoremarez Area). Journal of Wood and Forest Science and Technology, 24(4 ): 173 -185 (In Persian).
24. Moreno, G., Obrador, J. J. and Garcia. A. 2007. Impact of evergreen oaks on soil fertility and crop production in intercropped dehesas. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment.119.270–280.
25. Mut, H. and I. Ayan, 2011. Effect of different improvement methods on some soilProperties in a secondary succession rangeland. J. Biol. Environ. Sci. 5(13), 11-16.
26. Pei, S., H. Fu and C. Wan., 2008. Changes in soil properties and vegetation following exclosure and grazing in degraded Alxa desert steppe of Inner Mongolia,China.Agric.Ecosystem. Environ.124:33–39.
27. Pourbabaei, H. and Zandi Navgran, S., 2011. Study on floristic and plant species diversity in the Lebanon oak (Quercus libani) site, Chenareh, Marivan, Kurdistan Province, western Iran.Bioscience,3(1):15-22.
28. Raunkiaer, C., 1934. The life form of plant and statistical plant geography, Clarendon Press Oxford, 328p.
29. Salifu, K.F., Nicidemus, M.A., Jacobs, D.F. and Davis, A.S., 2006. Evaluating chemical indices of growing media for nursery production of Quercus rubur seedlings. Hort science, 41:1342-1346.
30. Solinska, G.B., Namura, O.A., Symonides, E. 1997. Long term dynamics of a relict forest in an urban area. Floristica ET Geobotanica. 42(2):423-479.
31. Soussana, J.F., P. Loiseau, N. Vuichard, E. Ceschia, J. Balesdent, T. Chevallier, and D. Arrouays., 2004. Carbon cycling and sequestration opportunities in temperate grasslands. Soil Use Manage. 20:219-230.
32. Steffens, M., A. Kolbi and K. Totsch., 2008. Grazing effects on soil chemical and physical properties in a semiarid steppe of Inner Mongolia (P.R. China). Geoderma 143, 63–72.
33. Vogt, K.A., Gordon, J.G., Wargo, J.P., Vogt, D.J., Asbjorenson, H., Palmiotto, P.A., Clark, H.J., Ohara, J.L., Keeton, W.S., Weynand, T.P. and Witten, E., 1997. Ecosystems: Balancing science with Management. New York.
34. Yuguang, B., Abouguendia, Z. and Redmann, R.E., 2001. Relashenship between plant species diversity and grassland condition. Journal of Range Management 54: 177-183.
35. Zhao, H., J. Cui. And R. Zhou., 2007. Soil properties, crop productivity and irrigation effects on five croplands of Inner Mongolia. Soil Till. Res. 93: 346–355.
36. Zohary, M., (1963). On the geobotanical structure of Iran. Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel, Section D., Botany. Supplement. 113 p.
37. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan, (1966-1986). Flora Palaestina, Vol.1-4, the Jerusalem Academic Press
38. Zohary, M. (1973). Geobotanical foundation of the Middle East. Vols 1-2.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

hamidi N, Attarroshan S. Effect of Albizia lebbek (L.) Benth forestry on plant species diversity and physicochemical characteristics of soil in the warm and dry desert climate. PEC 2020; 8 (16) :173-199
URL: http://pec.gonbad.ac.ir/article-1-595-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 8, Issue 16 (8-2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله حفاظت زیست بوم گیاهان Journal of Plant Ecosystem Conservation
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 37 queries by YEKTAWEB 4652