[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 7, Issue 14 (10-2019) ::
PEC 2019, 7(14): 313-326 Back to browse issues page
Investigation of throughfall and litterflow chemical characteristics of Quercus castaneifolia in the mixed stand (Case study:Shaskolateh forest)
Maryam Moslehi Dr *, Elham Shabani Mrs2
Hormozgan Agriculture and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Bandarabbas, Iran., Maryam moslehi, Research Division of Natural Resources, Hormozgan Agriculture and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, at the corner of Tulu Street, Emam Khomeini Bul, Golshahr, Bandarabbas, Iran. Zip code: 7915847669 , m.moslehi@areeo.ac.ir
2- Gorgan University of Agricultural Science and Natural Resources, I.R. Iran.
Abstract:   (284 Views)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of throughfall (TF) and litterflow (LF) on oak (Quercus castaneifolia C.A.Mey.) and their monthly changes in the mixed stands located in district one of Shastkolate forest, Golestan province. For this purpose, TF and LF samples were collected after each rainfall (RF) in a one-year period and their content of Na+, K+ and Ca2+ compared with the RF using by T-Test at the 95% of confidence level. Also, monthly variation of cations was investigated using by one way variance analysis. The results showed that the amounts of K+ and Ca2+ leaching in TF (226.61 and 13.86 kg ha-1 year-1) were significantly higher than those in RF (217.72 and 10.97 kg ha-1 year-1). Amounts of Na+ leaching in TF (120.38 kg ha-1 year-1) and LF (108.58 kg ha-1 year-1) were lower than it in RF. Also nutrient leaching of TF and LF in various months were different significantly. The lowest and highest leaching was observed in September and October. The results of this study showed that oak trees have a positive effect on the increase of soluble nutrients in forest soil through TF and LF, because plants are able to absorb soluble nutrients as soon as penetrate in the soil and insert them to their nutrient cycle, so using it correctly in afforestation, can improve the quality of soil nutrients in short time.
Keywords: Nutrient cycle, base cation dynamics, throughfall and litterflow, mixed stand of oak.
Full-Text [PDF 333 kb]   (77 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/07/8 | Accepted: 2019/01/15 | Published: 2019/09/30
1. Akmal Rahim, M., Hasanain, S., Farkhanda, J. 2011. Effect of calcium, magnesium, sodium and potassium on farm plantations vareious agroecological zones of Punjab, Pakistan. African Journal of plant Science, 5 (5): 450-459.
2. Alcock, M. R., Morton, A. J. 1985. Throughfall and stemflow in woodland recently established on Nutrient content of heathland. Journal of ecology, 73: 625-663.
3. Berger, T. W., Glatzel, G. 1998. Canopy leaching, dry deposition and cycling of calcium in Austrian oak stands as a function of calcium availability and distance from a lime quarry. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 28: 1388–1397.
4. Brady, N. C., Weil, R. R. 2002. The nature and properties of soils, 12 th ed. Prentice Hall, NJ. 960p.
5. Cappelatto, R., Peters, N.E. 1995. Dry deposition and canopy leaching rates in deciduous and coniferous forests of the Georgia Piedmont: an assessment of the regression model. Journal of Hydrology, 169, 131−150.
6. Carlyle-Moses, D., Laureano, J.F., Price, A. 2004. Throughfall and throughfall spatial variability in Madrean oak forest communities of northeastern Mexico. Journal of Hydrology, 297(1-4):124-35.
7. Chuyong, G.B., Newbery, D.M., Songwe, N. C. 2004. Rainfall input, throughfall and stemflow of nutrients in a central African rain forest dominated by ectomycorrizhal trees. Biogeochemistry, 67 (1): 73-91.
8. Dezzo, N., Chacon, N. 2006. Nutrient fluxes in incident rainfall, throughfall and in stemflow adjacent primary and secondary forests of the garansabana, Southern Venezuela. Forest Ecology and Management, 234 (1-3): 218-226.
9. Dubova, M. 2014. Sodium in precipitation in a beech forest ecosystem in the Kremnicke Verchy MTS (Western Carpathians). Ekologia, 33 (1): 36-47.
10. Duchesne, L. and Houle, D. 2006. Base cation cycling in a pristine watershed of the Canadian boreal forest, Biochemistry, 78 (2): 195-216.
11. Duivenvoorden, J. M., Lips, J. M. 1995. A land-ecological study of soils, vegetation and plant diversity in Colombian Amazonia. Ph.D. thesis, Lanscape and Environmental Research Group. Faculty of Environmental Sciences, University of Amesteram. Tropenbos Series 12, Wageningen, 438p.
12. Eaten, J. S., Likens, G. E., Bormann, F. H. 1973. Throughfall and stemflow chemistry in a Northern hardwood forest. Journal of Ecology, 61: 498-508.
13. Gordon, A. M., Chourmouzis, C., Gordon, A. G. 2000. Nutrient inputs litterfall and rainwater fluxes in 27-year-old red, black and white spruce plantations in central Ontario, Canada. Forest Ecology and Management, 138: 65-78.
14. Habashi, H., Moslehi, M., Shabani, E., Pypker, T., Rahmani, R. 2019. Chemical content and seasonal variation of throughfall and litterflow under individual trees in the Hyrcanian forests of Iran. Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 38 (2): 183-197.
15. Hansen, K., Draaijers, G. P. J., Ivens, W. M. P. F. 1994. Concentration variations in rain and canopy throughfall collected sequentially during individual rai events, Atmospheric Environment, 28: 3195-3205.
16. Henderson, H., Harris, D. E., Todd, D. E., Grizzard, T. 1977. Quantity and chemistry of throughfall as influenced by forest-type and season. Journal of Ecology, 65: 365-374.
17. Hermann, M., Pust, J., Pott, R. 2006. The chemical composition of throughfall beneath oak, birch and pine canopies in Northwest Germany. Plant Ecology, 184 (2): 373-385.
18. Hongove, D., Van Hees, P. A. W., Lundstrom, U. S. 2000. Dissolved components in precipitation water percolated through forest litter. European Journal of Soil Science, 51 (4): 667-677.
19. Iida, S.I., Tanaka, T., Sugita, M. 2005. Change of interception process due to the succession from Japanese red pine to evergreen oak. Journal of Hydrology, 315: 154-166.
20. Lin, T. C., Humburg, S. P., Hsia, Y. J. T., King, H. B., Wang, L. J., Lin, K. Ch. 2001. Base cation leaching form the canopy of Subtropical rain forest northeastern Taiwan, Canadian Journal Forest Research, 31(7): 1150-1163.
21. Likens. G. E., Drisscoll, C. T., Buso, D. C., Siccama, T. G., Johnson, C. E., Lovett, G.M., Fahey, T. J., Reiners W. A., Ryan, D. F., Martin, C. W., Bailey, S. W. M. 1998. The biogeochemistry of calcium at hubbard Brook. Biogeochemistry 41: 89-173.
22. Liorens, P., Domingo, F. 2007. Rainfall partitioning by vegetation under Mediterranean rainfall: Examples from a young and an old-growth Dougla-fir forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 130: 113-129.
23. Lu, J., Zhang, S.X., Fang, J. P., Zheng, W. L. 2016. Nutrient characteristics of throughfall and stemflow in the natural forest of Pinus densata in the Tibetan plateau. International Journal of Experimental Botany, 85:142-148.
24. Magee, A. P. 1993. Detrital Accumulation and Processing in Wetlands. Water Management HandBook, Published by university of Nebraska.7 p.
25. Navar, J., Gonzales, J. M., Gonzales, H. 2009. Gross precipitation and throughfall chemistry in legume speciese planted in Northeastern Mexico. Plant Soil, 318: 15-26.
26. Parker, G. G. 1983. Throughfall and stemflow in the forest nutrient cycle. Advance in Ecological Research, 13: 57-133.
27. Potter, S. C. 1991. Nutrient leaching from Acer ruberum leaves by experimental acid rainfall, Canadian Journal of forest Research, 21: 222-229.
28. Rabild, A. 1998. Physiological responses of spuce (Picea) genotypes to simulated aerial Borne salt. PhD Thesis, Department of Economics and Natural Resources. Arboretum. The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural Univesity.
29. Reinap, A., Wiman, B. L. B, Gunnarsson, S., Svenning, B. 2010. Dry deposition of NaCl aerosols: theory and method for a modified leaf-washing technique. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 3: 3851−3876.
30. Salehi, M., Zahedi Amiri, Gh., Attarod, P., Salehi, A., Brunner, I., Schleppi, P., Thimonier, A. 2016. Seasonal variation of TF chemistry in pure and mixed stands of Oriental beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) in Hyrcanian forests (Iran), Annals of Forest Science, 73: 371-380
31. Smith, J. L., Doran, J. W. 1996. Measurement and use of pH and electrical coductivity for soil quality analysis. In: Doran, J. W. and Jones, A. J. (Eds.), Methods for Assessing soil quality. SSSA Species Publication. 49. Madison, WI, Pp. 169-185.
32. Staelens, J., Shcrijverl, A. D., Oyarzun, C., Lustl, N. 2003. Comparison of dry deposition and canopy exchange of base cations in temperate hardwood forest, Gayana Botany, 60(1): 9-16.
33. Staelens, J., Schrijver, A. D., Verheyen, K. 2007. Seasonal variation in throughfall and stemflow chemistry beneath a European beech (Fagus sylvatica) tree in relation to canopy phenology, Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 37 (8): 1359-1372.
34. Swift, M. J., Anderson, J. M. 1989. Decomposition. In: Lieth, H., and Werger M. J. A., (Eds.). Tropical Rain Forest Ecosystems – Biogeographical and Ecological Studies, Ecosystems of the World 14B. Elsevier, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 714 p.
35. Tukey, H. B. J. R. 1970. The leaching of substance from plants, Annual Review of Plant Physiology, 21: 305-324.
36. Tukey, H. B. Jr., Mecklendburg, R. A., Morgan, J. V. 1965. A mechanism for the leaching of metabolites foliage. Radiation and Isotypes in Soil-Plant Nutrition Studies, Proceedings of I. A. E. A./F.A.O. Austria, 610p.
37. Tobon, C., Sevink, J., Verstraten, J. M. 2004. Solute fluxes in throughfall and stemflow in four forest ecosystems in northwest Amozonia. Biogeochemistry, 70 (1):1-25.
38. Van Nevel, L., Mertens, J., De Schrijver, A., Baeten, L., De Neve, S., Tack, F., Merrs, E., Verheyen, K. 2013. Forest floor leachate fluxes under six different tree species on a metal contaminateds site. Science of the Total Environment, 447: 99-107.
39. Verbk, B., Pilas, I., Novontny, V., Dekanic, S. 2008. Effect of deposition substances on the quality of throughfall and soil solution of pedunculate oak and common hornbeam forest. Periodicum Biologorum, 3 (110): 269-275.
40. Wakeel., A., Faroogh, M., Qadir, M., Schubert, S. 2011. Pottassium review in plant sciences. Plant Sciences, 30 (4): 401-413.
41. Weyno, L. 2001. Nutrient cycling in a montane moist evergreen Broad-Leaves forest (Lithocarpus/Castanopsis Association) in Ailao Mountains Yunnan Southwestern China.Department of Enviromental Biology, pp 221.
42. Yavitt, J. B., Fahey, T. J. 1986. Litter decay and leaching from the forest floor in Pinus contorta (Lodgepole pine) ecosystems. Journal of Ecology, 74 (2): 525-245
43. Zhang, G., Zeng, G., Jiang, Y., Yan Du, C., Huang, G., Yao, J., Zeng, M., Zahng, X., Tan, W. 2006. Seasonal dry deposition and canopy leaching of base cations in a sub-tropical evergreen mixed forest, China. Salvia Fennica, 40 (3): 417-428.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

moslehi M, shabani E. Investigation of throughfall and litterflow chemical characteristics of Quercus castaneifolia in the mixed stand (Case study:Shaskolateh forest). PEC. 2019; 7 (14) :313-326
URL: http://pec.gonbad.ac.ir/article-1-480-en.html

Volume 7, Issue 14 (10-2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله حفاظت زیست بوم گیاهان Journal of Plant Ecosystem Conservation
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 32 queries by YEKTAWEB 4054