[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 6, Issue 13 (3-2019) ::
PEC 2019, 6(13): 269-270 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of Flora, Life forms and Chorology of Plant species under Different Physiographic Conditions in Shalam Mountain Range، Ilam
1- Ilam - Gholam Reza Orkhazi Ave. Fadakar alley
iversity of Ilam, University of Ilam, Ilam, Iran. , m_heydari23@yahoo.com
3- Department of Rangeland and Watershed Management, Faculty of Natural Resources, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran
4- Assistant Prof., Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ilam, Ilam, Iran
Abstract:   (673 Views)
This study aimed to evaluate floristic list, life forms and chorology of plant species of Shalam protected area, which is in western Iran. This region characterized by various physiographic conditions and oak (Quercus brantii L.) as the dominant tree species. Plant species were collected by field survey in May and June 2016. The species were identified and their chorology, growth form and life form were determined using taxonomy resources. The results showed that flora of this region includes 129 plant species, belonging to 34 families and 101 genera. The Poaceae‌ (20 species), Papilionaceae (18 species), Asteraceae (15 species) and Lamiaceae (12 species) were the most frequently encountered families. The number of species was more in the south than in the north-facing slope in different elevation classes. According to Raunkiaer’s classification of life forms, therophytes and hemicryptophytes were the dominant life forms in the study area. In addition, annunal and perennial forbs dominated the growth forms of both facing aspects. In geographical distribution point of view, Irano-turanian and Irano-turanian- Mediterranean in all physiographic conditions had the highest geographical distribution.
Keywords: Chorotype, Ilam, Life form, Physiography
Full-Text [PDF 301 kb]   (216 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/09/17 | Accepted: 2018/03/11 | Published: 2019/05/3
1. Barnes, B. V., Zak, D. R., Denton, S. R., & SPURR, S. (1998). Forest Ecology (4th editon). 488-489.
2. Böer, B., & Sargeant, D. (1998). Desert perennials as plant and soil indicators in Eastern Arabia. Plant and Soil, 199(2), 261-266.
3. Coffey, M. F., & Breen, J. (1997). Seasonal variation in pollen and nectar sources of honey bees in Ireland. Journal of Apicultural Research, 36(2), 63-76.
4. Condit, R., Pitman, N., Leigh, E. G., Chave, J., Terborgh, J., Foster, R. B., ... & Muller-Landau, H. C. (2002). Beta-diversity in tropical forest trees. Science, 295(5555), 666-669.
5. Coroi, M., Skeffington, M. S., Giller, P., Smith, C., Gormally, M., & O’Donovan, G. (2004). Vegetation diversity and stand structure in streamside forests in the south of Ireland. Forest Ecology and Management, 202(1-3), 39-57.
6. Davis, P. H. (1965). Flora of Turkey. Flora of Turkey.
7. DIAz, S., Lavorel, S., McIntyre, S. U. E., Falczuk, V., Casanoves, F., Milchunas, D. G., ... & Landsberg, J. (2007). Plant trait responses to grazing–a global synthesis. Global Change Biology, 13(2), 313-341.
8. Enright, N. J., Miller, B. P., & Akhter, R. (2005). Desert vegetation and vegetation-environment relationships in Kirthar National Park, Sindh, Pakistan. Journal of Arid Environments, 61(3), 397-418.
9. FAO. 2002. forestry in Iran، online، viewed 18 February 2008.
10. Fathizadeh, O., Hosseini, S. M., Zimmermann, A., Keim, R. F., & Boloorani, A. D. (2017). Estimating linkages between forest structural variables and rainfall interception parameters in semi-arid deciduous oak forest stands. Science of The Total Environment, 601, 1824-1837.
11. Fisher, M. A., & Fulé, P. Z. (2004). Changes in forest vegetation and arbuscular mycorrhizae along a steep elevation gradient in Arizona. Forest Ecology and Management, 200(1-3), 293-311.
12. Gebeyehu, S., & Samways, M. J. (2006). Topographic heterogeneity plays a crucial role for grasshopper diversity in a southern African megabiodiversity hotspot. In Arthropod Diversity and Conservation (pp. 217-230). Springer, Dordrecht.
13. Guretzky, J. A., Moore, K. J., Burras, C. L., & Brummer, E. C. (2007). Plant species richness in relation to pasture position, management, and scale. Agriculture, ecosystems & environment, 122(3), 387-391.
14. Hegazy, A. K., El-Demerdash, M. A., & Hosni, H. A. (1998). Vegetation, species diversity and floristic relations along an altitudinal gradient in south-west Saudi Arabia. Journal of Arid Environments, 38(1), 3-13.
15. Heydari, M., & Mahdavi, A. (2009). Pattern of plant species diversity in related to physiographic factors in Melah Gavan protected area, Iran. Asian Journal of Biological Sciences, 2(1), 21-28.
16. Heydari, M., Pourbabaei, H., Esmaelzade, O., Pothier, D., & Salehi, A. (2013). Germination characteristics and diversity of soil seed banks and above-ground vegetation in disturbed and undisturbed oak forests. Forest Science and Practice, 15(4), 286-301.
17. Heydari, M., Prévosto, B., Abdi, T., Mirzaei, J., Mirab-Balou, M., Rostami, N., ... & Pothier, D. (2017). Establishment of oak seedlings in historically disturbed sites: Regeneration success as a function of stand structure and soil characteristics. Ecological Engineering, 107, 172-182.
18. Huo, H., Feng, Q., & Su, Y. H. (2014). The influences of canopy species and topographic variables on understory species diversity and composition in coniferous forests. The Scientific World Journal, 2014.
19. Khan, W., Khan, S. M., Ahmad, H., Alqarawi, A. A., Shah, G. M., Hussain, M., & Abd_Allah, E. F. (2016). Life forms, leaf size spectra, regeneration capacity and diversity of plant species grown in the Thandiani forests, district Abbottabad, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences.
20. Kingston, N., & Waldren, S. (2003). The plant communities and environmental gradients of Pitcairn Island: the significance of invasive species and the need for conservation management. Annals of Botany, 92(1), 31-40.
21. Kraft, N. J., Comita, L. S., Chase, J. M., Sanders, N. J., Swenson, N. G., Crist, T. O., ... & Cornell, H. V. (2011). Disentangling the drivers of β diversity along latitudinal and elevational gradients. Science, 333(6050), 1755-1758.
22. McIntyre, S., Lavorel, S., & Tremont, R. M. (1995). Plant life-history attributes: their relationship to disturbance response in herbaceous vegetation. Journal of ecology, 31-44.
23. Mirzaei، j. H. Mehdi. and B. Prevosto. (2017). Effects of vegetation patterns and environmental factors on woody regeneration in semi-arid oak-dominated forests of western Iran. Journal of Arid Land, 9(3), 368-378.
24. Olfat, A. M., & Pourtahmasi, K. (2010). Anatomical characters in three oak species (Q. libani, Q. brantii and Q. infectoria) from Iranian Zagros Mountains. Aust. J. Basic Appl. Sci, 4(8), 3230-3237.
25. Pourbabaei, H., & Navgran, S. Z. (2011). Study on floristic and plant species diversity in the Lebanon oak (Quercus libani) site, Chenareh, Marivan, Kordestan Province, western Iran. Nusantara Bioscience, 3(1): ¬15-22.
26. Rechinger, K. H. (1963). 1999: Flora Iranica, Vols. 1-174. Akademische Druck-u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.
27. Roem, W. J., & Berendse, F. (2000). Soil acidity and nutrient supply ratio as possible factors determining changes in plant species diversity in grassland and heathland communities. Biological Conservation, 92(2), 151-161.
28. Sagheb-Talebi, K., Sajedi, T., & Yazdian, F. (2004). Forests of Iran. Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Iran. Persian with English Summary.
29. Shmida, A. V. I., & Wilson, M. V. (1985). Biological determinants of species diversity. Journal of biogeography, 12, 1-20.
30. Small, C. J., & McCarthy, B. C. (2003). Spatial and temporal variability of herbaceous vegetation in an eastern deciduous forest. Plant Ecology, 164(1), 37-48.
31. Small, C. J., & McCarthy, B. C. (2005). Relationship of understory diversity to soil nitrogen, topographic variation, and stand age in an eastern oak forest, USA. Forest Ecology and Management, 217(2-3), 229-243.
32. Tárrega, R., Calvo, L., Taboada, Á., García-Tejero, S., & Marcos, E. (2009). Abandonment and management in Spanish dehesa systems: effects on soil features and plant species richness and composition. Forest ecology and management, 257(2), 731-738.
33. Warren, R. J. (2008). Mechanisms driving understory evergreen herb distributions across slope aspects: as derived from landscape position. Plant Ecology, 198(2), 297-308.
34. Zohary، M. 1973. Geobotanical foundation of the Middle East. Revue Geographique de l'est. 13 (1-2): 199-200.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

CHERAGHI J, HEIDARI M, Omidipour R, MIRAB-BALOU M. Comparison of Flora, Life forms and Chorology of Plant species under Different Physiographic Conditions in Shalam Mountain Range، Ilam. PEC. 2019; 6 (13) :269-270
URL: http://pec.gonbad.ac.ir/article-1-382-en.html

Volume 6, Issue 13 (3-2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله حفاظت زیست بوم گیاهان Journal of Plant Ecosystem Conservation
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 32 queries by YEKTAWEB 3991