[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 3, Issue 7 (3-2016) ::
PEC 2016, 3(7): 73-84 Back to browse issues page
The phytochemistry study on a range species of Atriplex lentiformis and screening the allelopathic potential of selected species
Neda Ebrahimi *, Hamed Rouhani, Ebrahim Gholam Ali Pouralamdari, Hamid Mostafalou
neda_ebrahemi@yahoo.com , neda_ebrahemi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3992 Views)

In the present study, standard phytochemical method was conducted to identify quality some allelochemical compounds such as saponins, terpenoides, antraquinons, flavonoides, flavons by using 10 % condensed aquous extract in distilled water or ethanol solvent of root, stem and leaf organs of Atriplex lentiformis.Then the bioassay experiments were undertaken to evaluate the allelopathic potential of various concentrations (0, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100%) of selected organs by using 10 % condensed aquous extract on radicle length, shoot length and germination percentage of Medicago scutellata to form of factorial examination in completely randomized design in the Hydroecology laboratory of Gonbad Kavous University in 2012. The effect of various concentrations of organs on studied parameters, was fitted to regression model. In the phytochemical examinations of the qualitative the allelochemicals of saponins and terpenoids were observed and confirmed while the allelochemicals like antraqouins, flavonoids and flavones were not detected in the studied organs. The bioassay of various concentrations from the selected organs and interaction effect of them showed the significant effect on different parameters of germinations of Medicago scutellata at p- value 0.05. The greatest hampering effect was found in the aquous leaf of Atriplex lentiformis as compared with other organs. The germination percentage of the M. scutellata compeletly was hampered by 80 and 100% of leaf organ. The effect of various concentrations on different parameters of germination indicated the highest R- square which was including linear and exponential dependent. The greatest R- square (R2=0.98) was found in aquous extract of root on the radicle length of the studied plant with linear dependent.

Keywords: Organs, Bioassay, Allelochemicals identification, Various concentrations, Germination parameters, Medicago scutellata.
Full-Text [PDF 420 kb]   (1159 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/05/14 | Accepted: 2016/05/14 | Published: 2016/05/14
References
1. An M., Lin D., Johnson IR., Lovett JV. 2003. Mathematical modeling of allelopathy: II The dynamics of allelochemicals from living plants in the environment. Ecological Modeling, 161: 53-66.
2. Anaya AA. 1999. Allelopathy as a tool in the management of biotic resources in agroecosystems. Critical Review in Plant Science, 18(6): 697-739.
3. Brain K.R., Turner, T.D. 1975. The practical evaluation of phytopharmaceuticals.Bristol: Wright-Scientechnica, 10-30.
4. Chhabra S.C., Uiso F.C. Mshiu E.N. 1984. Phytochemical screening of Tanzanian medicinal plants. Part I. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 11: 157-179.
5. Davis A.M. 1981. The oxalate, tannin, crude fiber, and crude protein composition of young plants of some Atriplex species. Journal of Range Management, 34:329–331.
6. Gómez-Aparicio L., Canham C.D. 2008. Neighbourhood analyses of the allelopathic effects of the invasive tree Ailanthus altissima in temperate forest.Journal of Ecology, 96: 447-458.
7. Harborne J.B. 1973. Phytochemical methods, London. Chapman and and Hall,Ltd.pp. 49-188.
8. Inderjit Maliik A.U. 2002. Can Kalmia Angustifolia interference to black Spruce (Picea Mariana) be explained by allelopathy? Journal of Forest Ecology and Management, 160: 75-84.
9. Jefferson L.V., Pennacchio M. 2003. Allelopathic effects of foliage extracts from four Chenopodiaceae species on seed germination. Arid Environments, 55: 275-285.
10. Kil B.S., Han D.M., Lee C.H., Kim Y.S., Yun K.Y., Yoo H.G. 2000. Allelopathic effects of Artimisia lavandulaefolia. Korean Journal Ecology, 23: 149-155.
11. Preston C.A., Betts H., Baldwin I. 2002. Methyl jasmonate as an allelopathic agent:Sagebrush inhibits germination of a neighboring tobacco. Chemical Ecology, 28 (11): 2343-2369.
12. Rice E.L. 1984. Allelopathy, 2nd edition. Orlando, Florida, USA. Acadmic press.
13. Springfield H.W. 1970. Germination and establishment of fourwing saltbush in the Southwest, Colorado, 48 pp.
14. Trease G.E., Evans W.C. 1989. Pharmacognosy. 11th Edn. Braillar Tindall Company. Macmillan publisher.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ebrahimi N, Rouhani H, Gholam Ali Pouralamdari E, Mostafalou H. The phytochemistry study on a range species of Atriplex lentiformis and screening the allelopathic potential of selected species. PEC. 2016; 3 (7) :73-84
URL: http://pec.gonbad.ac.ir/article-1-198-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 3, Issue 7 (3-2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله حفاظت زیست بوم گیاهان Journal of Plant Ecosystem Conservation
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4414