[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 10, Issue 20 (9-2022) ::
PEC 2022, 10(20): 67-89 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship between European yellow mistletoe (Loranthus europaeus Jacq.) and habitat factors and structure in Zagros forests (Case study: Ghalajeh forests, Kermanshah province)
Mohsen Javanmiri pour *, Ali Hasanzadeh, Jabar Valipour
Forest and rangeland organization , mm.javanmeri@gmail.com
Abstract:   (148 Views)
The semi-parasitic European yellow mistletoe (Loranthus europaeus Jacq.) is one of the harmful and damaging factors to the Zagros forests. This study to analyze the causes of infected trees by European yellow mistletoe was conducted in the Ghalajeh forests in Kermanshah province. To carry out this study, completely infected trees were examined by using the tree-to-tree sampling method. Required data including habitat characteristics and host tree characteristics such as tree species, diameter at breast height (DBH), length of the tree, crown area, and severity of European yellow mistletoe infection recorded in three parts on crown through the DMR method. The results showed that Persian oak includes 80.4% of the region's trees. The state of tree infection to European yellow mistletoe showed that the highest infection rate consisted of the Persian oak species (91.9%). Typically, 60 and 65 cm diameter classes, 15-meter-high tree height, and 9 square-meter crown class had the highest infection. Among the physiographic factors in the study site, the highest impact on the abundance of European yellow mistletoe-infected trees is related to the altitude factor. The variance test results demonstrated a significant difference between the severity of infected trees in the DBH classes, height, and crown area of trees (p=0.5). By increasing the number of characteristics of trees (i.e. diameter, length, and crown area), the severity of infection increases.  Therefore, it suggested that to control the spread of mistletoe in different habitat conditions such as slope, altitude, geographical direction, two-story, and old-growth trees with outsized dimensions should be given priority.
Keywords: European yellow mistletoe, spatial distribution, DMR method, Habitat factors, Structural characteristics.
Full-Text [PDF 752 kb]   (50 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/10/14 | Accepted: 2022/05/7 | Published: 2022/09/22
1. Barbu, C. 2010. The incidence and distribution of white mistletoe (Viscum album ssp. abietis) on Silver fir (Abies Alba Mill.) stands from Eastern Carpathians. Annals of Forest Research, 53: 27-36.
2. Bashkar, E., Sayad, E., Gholami, S. 2015. Spatial Distribution of Trees Death due to Mistletoe in Relation to Their Crown Properties. Journal of Geography and Environmental Stability, 5: 109118.
3. Ciesla, W.M. 1997. Dwarf Mistletoe in Balochistan: A Literature Review. Balochistan Natural. - Hawksworth, F.G. 2002. Mistletoe of North American Conifers. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, 123p.
4. Kolodziejek, J., Patykowski, J., Kolodziejek, R. 2013. Distribution, Frequency and Host Patterns of European Mistletoe (Viscum Album Subsp. Album) in the Major City of Lodz, Poland. Biologia, 68: 1-55.
5. Kumbasli, M., Keten, A., Beskardes, V., Makineci, E., Özdemir, E., Yilmaz, E., Zengin, H., Sevgi, O., Cinar Yilmaz, H., Caliskan, S. 2011. Hosts and Distribution of Yellow Mistletoe (Loranthus europaeus Jacq. (Loranthaceae)) On Northern Strandjas Oak Forests-Turkey. Scientific Research and Essays, 6(14): 2970-2975.
6. Parker. C., Riches, C.R. 1993. Parasitic weed of the world: biology and control. CIBC. - Perry, E.J. and Elmore, C.L. 2001. Mistletoe. IPM Education and Publication, University of California, Online at: http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu.
7. Perry, E.J., Elmore, C.L. 2001. Mistletoe, IPM Education and Publication. University of California, Online at:http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu.
8. Rahmad, Z.B., Addo-Fordjour, P., Asyraf, M., Fadzlyand, N., Rosely, N. 2014. Mistletoe Abundance, Distribution and Associations with Trees along Roadsides in Penang, Malaysia. Tropical Ecology, 55: 255-262.
9. Rosell, J., Gleason, S., Méndez-Alonzo, R., Chang, Y., Westoby, M. 2014. Bark functional ecology: evidence for tradeoffs, functional coordination, and environment producing bark diversity. The New phytologist. 201 (2): 486-497.
10. Shanbhag, R.R., Sundararaj R. 2013. Host range, pest status and distribution of wood destroying Termites of India. The Journal of Tropical Asian Entomology 02: 12-27.
11. Tsopelas, P., Angelopoulos, A., Economou, A., Soulioti, N. 2004. Mistletoe (Viscum album) in the Fir Forest of Mount Parnis, Greece. Forest Ecology and Management, 202: 59-65.
12. Ward, M.J. 2005. Patterns of Box Mistletoe Amyema Miquelii Infection and Pink Gum Eucalyptus Fasciculosa Condition in the Mount Lofty Ranges, South Australia, Forest Ecology and Management, 213: 1–14.
13. Watson, D.M. 2001. Mistletoe –A Key Stone Resource in Forests and Woodlands Worldwide. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 323: 24-219.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Javanmiri pour M, Hasanzadeh A, Valipour J. The Relationship between European yellow mistletoe (Loranthus europaeus Jacq.) and habitat factors and structure in Zagros forests (Case study: Ghalajeh forests, Kermanshah province). PEC 2022; 10 (20) :67-89
URL: http://pec.gonbad.ac.ir/article-1-817-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 10, Issue 20 (9-2022) Back to browse issues page
مجله حفاظت زیست بوم گیاهان Journal of Plant Ecosystem Conservation
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4505