[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 8, Issue 17 (2-2021) ::
PEC 2021, 8(17): 325-340 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation and comparison of management approaches (Ecological and Social-Ecological approaches) on soil fertility performance in Sarbisheh city
Yaser Ghasemi Aryan, Hossein Azarnivand, Ali Kiani Rad, Shahram B. Schafiee, Asghar Farajollahi *
, asghar32@gmail.com
Abstract:   (657 Views)
The purpose of this research was to investigate the interaction between the type of management approach and the type of combating desertification projects on soil fertility function. It is especially important in monitoring and evaluation of these projects. For this purpose, at the first, the range of three types of combating desertification projects including bush planting, constructing a crescent pond and seeding - sowing in two different management approaches, Ecological (Sarbisheh combating desertification project) and socio-ecological approaches ( International carbon sequestration project) in Sarbisheh city of South Khorasan province (which were implemented in 2005) were identified. The reference area was determined in each of them and the profile was dug randomly with five replications. Soil sample was taken from a depth of 0-15 cm. Then, the amount of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in soil samples were measured as soil fertility characteristics. The results of analysis of variance showed a non-significant difference between the interaction of management type and desertification index projects on soil potassium content due to the abundance of potassium in the soils of arid regions. However, in relation to nitrogen and phosphorus, a significant difference was observed (P< 0.05). As a result, the highest amount of these elements was observed in socio-ecological management (Respectively 0.19 and 0.005 g/kg) based on bush planting project. Rather, the lowest amount was observed in ecological management based (Respectively 0.14 and 0.002 g/kg) under the same project. The results of this study showed that although bush planting has a greater effect on soil fertility than other projects due to its greater focus on the transfer, planting and irrigation of seedlings and ultimately the increase in vegetation. However, the soil fertility status of this project in the ecological management approach indicates the importance of the type of management, including the implementation, protection and proper operation of projects which will have an important effect on soil fertility performance. The socio-ecological management has thus been able to achieve more success in this field due to the active participation of the local community in all stages of planning, implementation, monitoring and operation, and better protection of the revived areas. Therefore, it can be concluded that although the restoration of the structure and function of the ecosystem is the main aim of all restoration activities, its sustainability process is largely related to the motivation of stakeholders and the effectiveness of economic, social and political mechanisms.
Keywords: Combating desertification Projects, Carbon sequestration project, southern Khorasan, Natural Resources Management
Full-Text [PDF 912 kb]   (158 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/08/10 | Accepted: 2020/11/15 | Published: 2021/03/12
1. Anderies, J. M., Janssen, M., Ostrom, E. 2004. A framework to analyze the robustness of social-ecological systems from an institutional perspective. Ecology and Society, 9(1):18.
2. Anonymous. 2019. Makronährstoffe, Mikronährstoffe und nützliche Elemente. K+S Kali GmbH, www.kali-akademie.de
3. Bradshaw, G.A., Bekoff, M. 2001. Ecology and social responsibility: the re-embodiment of science. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 16:460–465.
4. Colding, J., and Barthel, S., 2019. Exploring the Social-ecological Systems Discourse 20 Years Later. Journal of Ecology and Society 24(1):2. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-10598-240102.
5. Derner, J.D., Schuman, G.E. 2007. Carbon sequestration and rangelands: A synthesis of land management and precipitation effects. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 62(2): 77-85.
6. Ghanbarpour, M. R., Hipel, K.W. 2011. Multi-criteria planning approach for ranking of land management alternatives at different spatial scales. Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, 3: 167-176.
7. Gutzler, C., Helming, K., Balla, D., Dannowski, R., Deumlich, D., Knierim, A., Mirschel, W., Nendel, C., Paul, C., Sieber, S., Glemnitz, M., Stachow, U., . Wieland, R., Wurbs, A., Zander, P., Starick, A. 2015. Agricultural land use changes– a scenario-based sustainability impact assessment for Brandenburg, Germany. Ecological Indicator, 48: 505-517.
8. Hardin, G. 1968. The tragedy of the commons. Science, pp 1243.
9. Hill, M., Britten, J.R., Mckeon, G.M. 2003. A scenario calculator for effect of grazing Land management on carbon stock in Australian rangelands. Environ. Model. and Software,18: 627-644.
10. Hobbs, R. J., Hallett, L. M., Ehrlich, P.R., Mooney, H.A. 2011. Intervention ecology: applying ecological science in the twenty-first century. Bioscience, 61:442–450.
11. Kumar, K., Goh, K.M. 2000. Biological nitrogen fixation, accumulation of soil nitrogen and nitrogen balance for white clover (Trifolium repens L.) and field pea (Pisum sativum L.) grown for seed. Field Crop Res, 68:49-59.
12. Li, T., Yan Wang, H., Xiaoqin, C., Zhou, J. 2017. Soil Reserves of Potassium: Release and Availability to Lolium perenne in Relation to Clay Minerals in Six Cropland Soils from Eastern China. Land Degradation and Development, 28:1696–1703.
13. Mendes, W.D.C., Alves Júnior, J., Da Cunha, P.C., Silva, A.R.D., Evangelista, A.W., Casaroli, D. 2016. Potassium leaching in different soils as a function of irrigation depths. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental, 20(11): 972-977.
14. Mengel, K. 1999. Ernährung und Stoffwechsel der Pflanze. Gustav Fischer Verlag Jena
15. Ostrom, E. 1995. Governing the commons, the evolution of institution for collective action, New York, Cambridge university press.
16. Ostrom, E. 2009. A general framework for analyzing sustainability of social-ecological systems. Science, 325 (5939):419-422.
17. Pagel, H., Enzmann, J., Mutscher, H. 1982. Pflanzennährstoffe in tropischen Böden. VEB, deutscher Landwirtschaftsverlag Berlin
18. Petursdottir, T., Arnalds, O., Baker, S., Montanarella, L., Aradottir, A. 2013. A social–ecological system approach to analyze stakeholders’ interactions within a large-scale rangeland restoration program. Ecology and Society, 18(2): 29.
19. Prakash, V., Kundu, S., Ghosh, B.N., Singh, R.D., Gupta, H.S. 2002. Annual carbon input to soil through rainfed soybean (Glycine max) - wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping sequence in mid-hills of North-West Himalaya. Indian J Agr Sci, 72:14-7.
20. Rahimizadeh, A., Farzadmehr, J., Rostagi, A.A., Ramezani Gask., M. 2010. Comparison of effects on planting Haloxylon spp. And Artiplex spp. on the characteristics of vegetation cover and Rangelands soil. Renewable Natural Resourses Research, (2):1-13.
21. Rahman, M.H., Islam, M.R., Jahiruddin., M.A., Puteh, B., Mondal, M. 2013. Influence of organic matter on nitrogen mineralization pattern in soils under different moisture regimes. Int. J. Agric. Biol, 15: 55-61.
22. Shafiei, M., Abdolhosseini, M., Yari, A. R., Pouyafar, A.M. 2013. Participatory management of natural resources and rural development in arid and semi-arid land. Desert affair bureau press. FRWO.
23. Van Diest, A. 1980. Factors Affecting the Availability of Potassium in Soils, p37-59. Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Agricultural University,Wageningen/The Netherlands In : Potassium in the Soil/Plant Root System International Potash Institute blaufen-Bern/Switzerland.
24. Welsch, N. 2013. Materie, Erde, Wasser, Luft und Feuer. Springer Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ghasemi Aryan Y, Azarnivand H, Kiani Rad A, B. Schafiee S, Farajollahi A. Evaluation and comparison of management approaches (Ecological and Social-Ecological approaches) on soil fertility performance in Sarbisheh city. PEC. 2021; 8 (17) :325-340
URL: http://pec.gonbad.ac.ir/article-1-716-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 8, Issue 17 (2-2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله حفاظت زیست بوم گیاهان Journal of Plant Ecosystem Conservation
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.04 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4331