[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 8, Issue 17 (2-2021) ::
PEC 2021, 8(17): 263-279 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of Nonlinear Height-Diameter Models of Two Important Species of Turkish Pine (Pinus brutia) and Mediterranean Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens var. horizontalis), in the Planted Forests (Case study: Arabdagh region)
Ali Mastouri Phd student1, Shaban Shataee Professor *, Mohammadhadi Moayeri Dr.1, Khosro Saghebtalebi Professor3
1- Forestry Department
Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Forestry Department , shataee@gau.ac.ir
3- Forest section
Abstract:   (229 Views)
Knowledge on the relationship between tree height (H) and diameter at breast height (D) is crucial for forest planning, monitoring, biomass estimation, and forest stands dynamics description. In keeping with, in this study, the researchers evaluated 20 different height-diameter models to estimate accurately the height of the trees of Pinus brutia and Cupressus sempervirens var. horizontalis species in Arabdagh region (northeast of Golestan province). Required data for cypress and pine species were collected from 114 and 98 circular sampling plots, respectively, using a systematic cluster survey network with cluster spacing of 400 * 600 m. Species characteristics such as diameter at the breast height of all trees (greater than 7.5 cm) and trees height were measured and recorded in all sample plots. Overall, 389 and 299 pairs of height-diameter observations were collected for cypress and pine, respectively. The 75 percent of the data were used in the modeling process and the rest data were used to evaluate the models. The fitness of the models was evaluated using statistical criteria of% RMSE and R2. The results showed that for cypress and pine, the R2 ranging from 0.55 to 0.59 and 0.50 to 0.51 and the RMSE% varied from 15.32 to 22.87 and 11.09 to 16, respectively. At the end, the models of Sibbesen, Michaelis-Menten, Power, Prodan, and Chapman-Richards for the Cypress, and the Gomperz, Korf, Weibull, Michailoff, and Ratkowsky models for the pine species were better able to estimate trees height.
Keywords: Even age stands, Statistically modeling, Height, Softwood species, Standing volume
Full-Text [PDF 340 kb]   (52 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/04/3 | Accepted: 2020/08/23 | Published: 2021/03/12
1. Ahmadi, K., AlaviS.J., KouchaksaraeiM.T., AertsenW. 2013. Non-linear height-diameter models for oriental beech (Fagus orientalis Lipsky) in the Hyrcanian forests, Iran. Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment, 17: 431-440.
2. Dorado, F.C., Dieguez-Aranda, U., Rodriguez, M.S., Sanchez, M., Gadow, K.V. 2006. A generalized height-diameter model including random components for radiata pine plantations in northwestern Spain. Forest Ecology and Management, 229: 202-213.
3. Fallah, A. 2009. Determination of the best diameter-height model for the Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] H.Karst.) in Kelardasht afforestation (North of Iran). J.Appl.Sci., 9: 3870-3875.
4. Gadow, K.V., Real, P., AlvarezGonzalez, J.G. 2001. Modelizacion del crecimiento y la evolucion de los bosques. IUFRO World Series, Vol. 12, Vienna, 21p.
5. Gao, X., Li, Z., Yu, H., Jiang, Z., Wang, C., Zhang, Y., Shi, L. 2016. Modeling of the height–diameter relationship using an allometric equation model: a case study of stands of Phyllostachys edulis. Journal of forestry research, 27(2): 339-347.
6. Inoue, A., Yoshida, S. 2004. Allometric model of the height-diameter curve for even-aged pure stands of Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica). J For Res, 9: 325-331.
7. Johansson, T. 2012. Site index curves for young hybrid larch growing on former farmland in Sweden. Forests, 3:723-735.
8. Krisnawati, H., Wang, Y., Ades, P.K. 2010. Generalized height-diameter model for Acacia mangium Willd. plantations in South Sumatra. J.For. Res., 7:1-19.
9. Lei, X., Peng, C., Wang, H.Zhou, X. 2009. Individual height-diameter models for young black spruce (Picea mariana) and jack pine (Pinus banksiana) plantations in New Brunswick, Canada. Forest. Chron, 85: 43-56.
10. Liu, M., Feng, Z., Zhang, Z., Ma, C., Wang, M., Lian, B.L., Zhang, L. 2017. Development and evaluation of height diameter at breast models for native Chinese Metasequoia. PloS one, 12(8): e0182170.
11. Lumbres, R. I. C., Lee, Y. J., Seo, Y. O., Kim, S. H., Choi, J. K., Lee, W. K. 2011. Development and validation of nonlinear height–DBH models for major coniferous tree species in Korea. Forest Science and Technology, 7(3): 117-125.
12. Mehtätalo, L., de-Miguel, S., Gregoire, T.G. 2015. Modeling height-diameter curves for prediction. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 45(7): 826-837.
13. Özçelik, R., Diamantopoulou, M.J., CrecenteCampo, F., Eler, F. 2013. Estimating Crimean juniper tree height using nonlinear regression and artificial neural network models. Forest Ecology and Management, 306: 52-60.
14. Parresol, B.R. 1992. Bald cypress height diameter equations and their prediction confidence intervals. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 22(9): 1429-1434.
15. Petráš, R., Bošeľa, M., Mecko, J., Oszlányi, J., Popa, I. 2014. Height-diameter models for mixed-species forests consisting of spruce, fir, and beech. Folia ForestaliaPolonica, 56(2): 93-104.
16. Robinson, A.P., Wykoff, W.R. 2004. Imputing missing height measures using a mixed-effects modeling strategy. Can.J.For. Res., 34: 2492-2500.
17. Sánchez, C.A.L., Varela, J.G., Dorado, F.C., Alboreca, A.R., Soalleiro, R.R., González, J.G.Á. 2003. A height-diameter model for Pinus radiata D. Don in Galicia (Northwest Spain). Ann.For. Sci., 60: 237-245.
18. Stark, H., Nothdurft, A., Bauhus, J. 2013. Allometries for widely spaced Populus ssp. and Betula ssp. in nurse crop systems. Forests, 4:1003-1031.
19. Staudhammer, C., LeMay, V. 2000. Height prediction equations using diameter and stand density measures. Forest. Chron., 76: 303-309.
20. Vargas-Larreta, B., Dorado, F.C., LvarezGonzalez, G.J., Barrio-Anta, M., CruzCobos, F. 2009. A generalized height-diameter model with random coefficients for uneven aged stands in El Salto, Durango (Mexico). Forestry, 82: 445-462.
21. Yuancai, L., Parresol, B.R. 2001. Remarks on height-diameter modeling. Research Note SE-10, USDA, Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Asheville, NC, USA, 8p.
22. Zang, H., Lei, X., Zeng, W. 2016. Height–diameter equations for larch plantations in northern and northeastern China: a comparison of the mixed-effects, quantile regression and generalized additive models. Forestry: An International Journal of Forest Research, 89(4): 434-445.‏
23. Zhang, L. 1997. Cross-validation of non-linear growth functions for modeling treeheight–diameter relationships. Annals of Botany, 79(3): 251-257.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mastouri A, Shataee S, Moayeri M, Saghebtalebi K. Evaluation of Nonlinear Height-Diameter Models of Two Important Species of Turkish Pine (Pinus brutia) and Mediterranean Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens var. horizontalis), in the Planted Forests (Case study: Arabdagh region). PEC. 2021; 8 (17) :263-279
URL: http://pec.gonbad.ac.ir/article-1-680-en.html

Volume 8, Issue 17 (2-2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله حفاظت زیست بوم گیاهان Journal of Plant Ecosystem Conservation
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.04 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4311