[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 9, Issue 18 (10-2021) ::
PEC 2021, 9(18): 219-246 Back to browse issues page
The characteristics of wildfires created in Zagros forest ecosystem in Kermanshah province (Case study: forests and rangelands of Gilan-e-Gharb region)
Mohsen Javanmiri Pour *, Jabbar Vali pour
, mm.javanmeri@gmail.com
Abstract:   (172 Views)
Forest and rangeland fires are an uncontrollable type of fire that occurs in areas with flammable plants in nature. The study area is Gilan-e-Gharb city, which is located in Kermanshah province. In order to conduct this research were recorded all fires that occurred in national resources in the city of Gilan-e-Gharb in a fire season in 2019. The data collected in this study include the name of the place, the type of national sources (forest, rangeland, etc.), the fire date, the fire start and end time, the fire area, the fire duration, the area location as UTM. The results showed that 94% of natural resource fires have human causes and 6% of them related to natural causes. Among the human factors of fire, the most common cause of leakage (71.9%) is in fires. Among the human factors of fire, the recreational cause has the highest frequency (71.9%) on fires created in the national resources. The highest number of fires recurrences in the affected areas related to the Piakoleh and Miandar (Nawdar), Millianei, national resources adjacent to the village of Kolah-e-Daraz Olya and the Ghasem-Abad ridge. About 633 hectares of national resources in the region have affected by the fire, which the highest amount of them related to Shiakuh, Sarkesh and Paikoleh with about 150, 95 and 78 hectares, respectively. The highest rate of fire related to rangeland, which is about 48.4% of fires. There are six months of fires in the study area, and on average, there are a fire on every three days. Furthermore, on average, each fire takes about 46 minutes to control. The 30 minutes duration of fire has the highest frequency (29.7%) among diverse fire times. The highest rate of fire related to the fifth month of fire (October), which is equal to 29.7%. In order to effectively protection of natural resources, it suggested that the information obtained used to efficiently management, prevent and extinguish fires at the study area and the Zagros ecosystem in general.
Keywords: Fire characteristics, recreation, Fire Area, local disputes, climatic factors, Gilan-e-Gharb.
Full-Text [PDF 1037 kb]   (59 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/08/2 | Accepted: 2020/12/5 | Published: 2021/09/28
References
1. FAO. 2018. FAO strategy on forest fire management. Roma, Italy. 17 pp.
2. García-Llamas, P., Suárez-Seoane, S., Taboada, A., Quintano, C., Fernández-Manso, A., Fernández-García, V., Fernández-Guisuraga, J.M., Marcos, E., Calvo, E. 2019. Environmental drivers of fire severity in extreme fire events that affect Mediterranean pine forest ecosystems. Forest Ecology and Management,433: 24-32.
3. Merino-de-Miguela, S., Huescab, M., González-Alonsob,F. 2010. Modis reflectance and active fire data for burn mapping and assessment at regional level. Ecological Modelling, 67–74.
4. Meunier, J., Holoubek, N.S., Sebasky, M. 2019. Fire regime characteristics in relation to physiography at local and landscape scales in Lake States pine forests. Forest ecology and management, 454:117651.
5. Mitsopoulos, L., Chrysafi, L., Bountis, D., Mallinis, G. 2020. Assessment of factors driving high fire severity potential and classification in a Mediterranean pine ecosystem. Journal of Environmental Management,235: 266-275.
6. Pyne S.J., Andrews P.L., Laven A.R. 1996. Introduction to wildfire. 2nd Edition. John Wiley and Sons Edition. New York. 769 pp.
7. Rothermel, R.C. 1972. A mathematical model for predicting fire spread in wildland fuels. USDA Forest Service Research Paper, INT-115. Ogden, UT: Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station.
8. Su, Z., Tigabu, M., Cao, Q., Wang, G., Hu, H., Guo, F. 2019. Comparative analysis of spatial variation in forest fire drivers between boreal and subtropical ecosystems in China. Forest ecology and management, 454:117669.
9. Velez, R. 2000. La Defensa contra IncendiosForestales. FundamentosExperiencias. Ed. McGraw- Hill, Madrid, 1360 pp.
10. Viegas D.X., Viegas T.P., Ferreira, A.D. 1991. Moisture content of fine forest fuels and fire occurrence in Central Portugal. The International Journal of Wildland Fire, 2: 69-85.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Javanmiri Pour M, Vali pour J. The characteristics of wildfires created in Zagros forest ecosystem in Kermanshah province (Case study: forests and rangelands of Gilan-e-Gharb region). PEC. 2021; 9 (18) :219-246
URL: http://pec.gonbad.ac.ir/article-1-713-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 9, Issue 18 (10-2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله حفاظت زیست بوم گیاهان Journal of Plant Ecosystem Conservation
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.04 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4343