[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 1, Issue 1 ((Volume 1 - No. 1 - Spring 2013) - Article Numbers: 7 Article(s) 2013) ::
PEC 2013, 1(1): 33-48 Back to browse issues page
An investigation of the ecological and morphological characteristics of Verbascum cheirantifolium Boiss. in the rangeland ecosystems of Dena
Vahid Karimian *, Mohammad Reza Vahabi, Mohammad Fazilati, Mostafa Tarkesh Esfahani
, v.karimian_49@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (10142 Views)

Abstract

Verbascum cheirantifolium is a perennial species from Scrophulariaceae. The main aim of this research was to study the morphological and ecological traits of V. cheirantifolium. Investigations on the climate, physiography, and soil physiochemical traits and species morphology were conducted. Among all physiographic factors, three major factors, namely the altitude, slope and geographical aspects were investigated given their influence on rainfall, radiation, temperature and soil characteristics. The results showed that the habitat of this species received 515.5 mm of rainfall, had an average temperature of 6.9 0C, with 165 frost days on average in the cold and semi-arid climate. The average height of this species was 98.9 cm. It had four shoots located in southern elevation. Habitat soil was sandy loam pH 7.8, EC 0.9 ds/m. 0.9% organic matter, 1% nitrogen, 78.3 p, 828.7 mg K, and 345.2 mg dissolved oxygen and caution exchange capacity was 4147.1. Overall, the results showed that V. cheirantifolium appeared to be in highlands and cold climate areas with appropriate precipitation and nutrient-rich soils being suitable for its growth. The average height of this plant was 9/98 cm, the average numbers of shoots were 4, the average height of inflorescences was 70.1 and the average length of the basal leaves was 30 cm.

Keywords: Keywords: Ecological, Soil physiochemical, Range, Scrophulariaceae
Full-Text [PDF 432 kb]   (1433 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2013/01/22 | Accepted: 2013/06/12 | Published: 2013/06/21
References
1. Alimohammad A., Khoshnoodyazdi M. 2011. Ecological characteristics of Dracocephalum kotschyi Boiss. In Bojnourd rangeland. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 26: 406-414. (In Persian).
2. Attar F., Keshvari A., Ghahreman A., Zarre S., Aghabeigi F. 2006.Micromorphological studies on Verbascum (Scrophulariaceae) in Iran with emphasis on seed surface, capsule ornamentation and trichomes. Elsvier. Flora,202: 169-175.
3. Azarnivand H., Zarechahuki M.A. 2008. Range Improvement. Tehran University Publisher, Tehran. (In Persian).
4. Azarnivand H., Zarechahuki M.A. 2010. Rangeland Ecology. Tehran University Publisher, Tehran. (In Persian).
5. Baghestani Meybodi N. 1997. Vegetation and Soil Relationships in Arid and Semiarid Rangelands. Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands Publication. (In Persian).
6. Bashari H. 2003. Identify and evaluate the ecological significance of aromatic plant and cultivation them in Qom province. Department of Agricultural Research and Education Publication. Report number: 12.
7. Block C.A. 1986. Methods of Soil Analysis. American Society of Agronomy Monographs 9:169.
8. Bozkurt T., Kahraman C., Tatli I., Sahin I.E. 2007. Free radical scavenging activity on Verbascum latisepalum extract. Bihat Kusadasi Turkey, 26-29.
9. Cabi E., Baser B., Yavru A., Polat F., Toprak U., Karaveliogullari F.A. 2011.Scanning electron microscope (SEM) and light microscope (LM) studies on the seed morphology of Verbascum taxa (Scrophulariaceae) and their systematic implications. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 5:660-667.
10. Emadian F., Mirnia K.H. 1999. Plant Ecophisiology. Mazandaran University. (In Persian).
11. Ghare S.H. 2009. The relationship between vegetation and ecological factors in Ardestan, M.Sc. Thesis, in Isfahan University of Technology.
12. Gunin P.D., Vostokova E.A., Dorofeyuk N.I., Etrasov P., Black C.C. (Eds.). 1999.Vegetation Dynamics of Mongolia. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
13. Hasheminia M., Haqnia M.(Eds). 2000. Plant Nutrients in Dry Desert Environments. Ferdowsi Mashhad University Publisher. Mashhad.
14. Kheiri S. 2010. Investigation of breeding systems in some species Verbascum from Scrophulariaceae family in Iran. Journal of Biology, Islamic Azad University,67-74. (In Persian).
15. Kupeli E., Tatli I., Akdemir Z., Yesilada E. 2007. Biossay-guided isolation of antiinflammatory & antinociceptive glycoterpenoids from the folwer of Verbascum lasianthum Boiss ex Bentham. Journal of Ethnopharmocology, 110:444-450.
16. Lentz A.D. 1984. Correspondence of soil properties and classification unit whit Sagebrush communities in southern Arogon. M.Sc. Thesis, Orogon University.
17. Mahmoodi S.H., Hakimian M. 2001. Fundamentals of Soil Science. Tehran University Press. (In Persian).
18. Martin J.P., Page A.L. 1965. Influence of high and low exchangeable Mg2+ and Ca2+ percentage at different degrees of base saturation on growth and chemical coposation of citrus plants. Journal of Plant and Soil, 22:65-80.
19. Mather J., Yoshioka G. 1968. The role of the climate in the distribution of vegetation annuals of the association of America. Geographers, 58:29-49.
20. Mehmood T., Iqbal Z. 1995. Vegetation and soil characteristics of the wasteland of Valika chemical industries near Manghopir, Karachi. Journal of Arid Environments, 30: 453-462.
21. Mirhaidar H. 2005. Plant Sciences- Farhange Eslami Publisher. (In Persian).
22. Nasseri A. 2000. Evaluation of interaction between Atriplex canescence (culture) and environmental factor (climate and soil) in Kerman province. M.Sc. Thesis,Department of Natural Resources, Tehran University.
23. Nourbakhsh F., Karimian M(Eds.). 1998. Soil Fertility. Industrial University of Isfahan Publisher.
24. Tahir C., Eyup B.V. 2006. Verbascum euphraticum Bentham. ve Verbascum.melitenense Boiss. (Scrophulariaceae) Türleri Üzerinde Taksonomik Bir Çalışma. Science and Eng. J. of Fırat Univ., 18: 45-458.
25. Sepaahvand S. 2009. Identify and determine of chemical component of Ferula ovina Boiss. M.Sc. Thesis, in Isfahan University of Technology.
26. ZareDini A. 2001. The study of soils, topography and vegetation and their relation to the production of phyto rangeland in Hormozgan province. Master's Thesis in Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources.
27. Zarechahuki M. 2002. Examine relationships among several species of grassland with some physico-chemical characteristics of soils in rangelands of Yazd province Poshtkuh, M.Sc. Thesis in Tehran University.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Karimian V, Vahabi M R, Fazilati M, Tarkesh Esfahani M. An investigation of the ecological and morphological characteristics of Verbascum cheirantifolium Boiss. in the rangeland ecosystems of Dena. PEC. 2013; 1 (1) :33-48
URL: http://pec.gonbad.ac.ir/article-1-41-en.html


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 1, Issue 1 ((Volume 1 - No. 1 - Spring 2013) - Article Numbers: 7 Article(s) 2013) Back to browse issues page
مجله حفاظت زیست بوم گیاهان Journal of Plant Ecosystem Conservation
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4419