:: Volume 6, Issue 13 (3-2019) ::
PEC 2019, 6(13): 59-76 Back to browse issues page
Spatial variability of sunn pest Eurygaster integriceps on Astragallus sp. in overwintering sites using GIS and geostatistical methods
Abstract:   (530 Views)
       Study of Sunn pest Eurygaster integriceps population changes in overwintering sites on milkvetvh can be important in study of population dynamics and biological control. Many studies have been conducted on Sunn pest population in over wintering sites but data collection hasn't done for spatial analysis. In this study, spatial distribution of sunn pest population in overwintering sites was prepared by investigating 900 sampling points. These areas are within the maximum flight range of this pest. Geostatistical method of Inverse Distance Weighting (IDW) were used for mapping spatial variations of sunn pest. The results showed that the most important condition for pest in outbreak regions, are wheat and barley farms and the mountains with suitable cover crop near the farms for over wintering and it is one of the important indicator for sampling of Sunn pest population. Prevailing wind speed average was 13.6 knots and prevailing wind direction is south. Most of sunn pest density has been seen in the range of 1850 to 1650 meters above sea level elevation, slope 16 to 24 degrees and the northern slope. Regarding to the establishment of plantation in southeast highlands, sunn pest flights for overwintering, is done from fields to the mountains in the north to the south. It was also found that there is coordination between sunn pest flight and wind direction. The study of geostatistiucs methods showed that the Inverse Distance Weighting had less error and deviation (0.01 and 0.03) than cokriging and kriging methods. Using this method the spatial variations map of Sunn pest population was prepared.
Keywords: Milkvetch, Sun pest, overwintering, Geostatistics
Full-Text [PDF 498 kb]   (142 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/08/5 | Accepted: 2017/09/3 | Published: 2019/05/8
1. Amir-Maafi, M., Parker, B. L. and El-Bohssini, M. 2007. Binomial and Sequentialsampling of adult Sunn Pest, Eurygaster integriceps Puton. Pages 115-121. In SunnPest Management: A decade of progress 1994-2004. 2007. Bruce L. Parker, Margaret Skinner, Mustapha El Bouhssini and Safaa G. Kumari (Eds.). Published by Arab Society for Plant Protection, Beirut, Lebanon. 432pp.
2. Bagheri Matin, Sh. 2013. A compilation the Geographic information system of Eurygaster integriceps in overwintering site by GIS in Kermanshah province. Final report of project in Plant Protection Research Depatment. N.18786032. 36p. (In farsi)
3. Beal, D. J. 2005. SAS code to select the best multiple linear regression model for multivariate data using information criteria. In Proceedings of the South-East SAS Users Group, October 23–25, Portsmouth, pp. SA01–SA05.
4. Bouwmeester, H., Abele, S., Manyong, V. M., Legg, C., Mwangi, M., Nakato,V., Coyne, D. and Sonder, K. 2000. The potential benefits of GIS techniques in disease and pest control: An example based on a regional project in central Africa. International Conference on Banana and Plantian in Africa.
5. Cook, S., Cherry, S., Humes, K., Guldin, J., and Williams, C. 2007. Development of a satellite-based hazard rating system for Dendroctonus frontalis (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in the Ouachita Mountains of Arkansas. Journal of Economic Entomology, 100(2), 381–388.
6. Jamshidi , M., Nazari, H. and Azadbakht, N. 2012, A compilation Geographical Information system of Eurygaster integriceps in overwintering site by GIS. The first national conference on agriculture for sustainable development and healthy environment, Islamic Azad University of Hamadan. (In farsi)
7. Kabaluk, J. T. and Vernon, R. S. 2000. Effect of crop rotation on populations of Epitrix tuberis(Coleoptera:Chrysomelidae) in potato. Journal of Economic Entomology, 93:315-322.
8. Karimzadeh. R., Hejazi, M. J., Helali, H., Iranipou, S. and Mohammadi, S. A. 2014. Predicting the resting sites of Eurygaster integriceps using a Geographic information system. Journal of Precision Agric. 15: 615-626.
9. Karimzadeh, R. 2010. Using geoinformatic in Eurygaster integriceps management in East azarbaijan province. PhD. Thesis. Tabriz University. (In farsi)
10. Kemp, W. P., McNeal, D. and Cigliano, M. M. 2001. Geographic information systems(GIS) and integrated pest management of insects. In D.H. Branson and B.Redlin (eds.), Grasshoppers: their biology, identification and management. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Research Agricultural Service. (Also published as part of CD-ROM and also available online at http://www.sidney. ars.usda.gov/grasshopper/Handbook/VI/vi_9.htm).
11. Kemp, W. P., McNeal, D. and Cigliano, M. M. 2000. Geographic information systems (GIS) and integrated pest management of insects. In G. L. Cuningham & M. W. Sampson (Technical Co-ordinators) (Eds.), Grasshopper integrated pest management user handbook. Technical bulletin 1809. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. VI.9.
12. Majidian, M. 2003.Geographical Information Syastem and its application in agriculture. Journal of agricultural specialist.115: 54-61.(In farsi)
13. Ghasi, M. 2012. A compilation the Geographic information system of Eurygaster integriceps in overwintering site by GIS in Kordestan province.Twenty-first Iranian Plant Protection Congress. (In farsi).
14. Merrill, S. C., Holtzer, T. O., Peairs, F. B. and Lester, P. J. 2009. Modeling spatial variation of Russian wheat aphid overwintering population densities in Colorado winter wheat. Journal of Economic Entomology, 102(2), 533–541.
15. Parker, B. L., Skinner, M. L., Costa, S. D., Gouli, S., Reid, W. and El Bouhssini, M. 2003. Entomopathogenic fungi of Eurygaster integriceps Puton (Hemiptera:Scutelleridae):collection and characterisation for development. Biological Control. 27:260_272.
16. Parsi, F. 2012. A compilation the Geographic information system of Erygaster integriseps in Overwintering Site in 5 Province In IRAN by GIS. Final report of project Iranian Research Institute Of Plant Protection. N.18783590.24p. (In Farsi)
17. Rajabi, Gh. 2000. Ecology of wheat and barley harmful sunn pest in Iran. Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization.(In farsi)
18. Rajabi, Gh. 2003. Insect Ecology. Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization.(In farsi)
19. Rong, J., Dian-Mo, L., Bao-Yu, X., Zhe, L. and Dong-li, M. 2006. Spatial distribution of oriental migratory locust (Orthoptera: Acrididae) egg pod populations: implications for site- specific pest management. Environmental Entomology, 35(5), 1244–1248.
20. Shafiee nasab,B., Shakarami,J.,Mohiseni,A and Jafari,Sh.2015. Investigation of geostatistical characteristics of spatial distribution of pods contaminated with coconut harp Heliothis viriplaca Huf in rainfed fields. (Lep .: Noctuidae).Plant pest research,5(2),49-59.
21. Sokouti, R., Kolahchi, A., Jabbari, A., Mahdian, M. 2011. The application of geostatistics to assess groundwater salinity changes of Urmia plain. National Conference on climate change and its impact on agriculture and the environment.69-73.
22. Villate, F.2005. Temporal variability of the spatial distribution of the zooplankton community in a coastal embayment of the basque country in relation to physical phenomena. V-288, N2/ DOI- 10. 1007/ BF00007128, 79-95.

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Volume 6, Issue 13 (3-2019) Back to browse issues page